Diagnostica per immagini e uretrocistoscopia
Quale metodica scegliere per diagnosticare difetti urogenitali congeniti nel cane e nel gatto
Comparison of urinary diagnostic imaging and urethrocystoscopy in the determination of congenital urogenital disorders in dogs and cats
De Cata G., Mavilio E., Benvenuti E., Bottero E., Ruggiero P.
Gruppo Endovet Italia
Congenital urogenital disorders in dogs and cats are uncommon disease in veterinary practice. The most common clinical signs are dysuria, recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), urinary incontinence and hematuria. Veterinary practioners can rely on several diagnostic methods with different invasivness and sensitivity and specificity. Diagnostic imaging techniques include radiology (with or without contrastography), ultrasonography, Computed Tomography (TC), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and endoscopy. The most common congenital disorders in cats and dogs are ectopic urether, uretherocele, bladder hypoplasia or agenesis, pelvic bladder, urachal anomalies, vestibulovaginal remnants. This review provides a critical survey of these different diagnostic thecniques in order to help clinicians choose the best algorithmic diagnostic approach for the most common urogenital congenital disorders.
urogenital congenital disorders, urethrocystoscopy, urinary diagnostic imaging