La displasia di gomito nel cane approccio preventivo
Canine elbow dysplasia: preventive approach
Andrea Bonardi, DVM, Chadi Joseph Eid, DVM, Filippo Lusetti, DVM
Dottorandi in Scienze Medico Veterinarie U O di Clinica Chirurgica e Traumatologia Veterinaria del Dipartimento di Scienze Medico-Veterinarie di Para
Elbow dysplasia is a common debilitating condition of large and giant breed dogs. Environmental factors and a complex genetic heritability play a role in predisposing dogs to elbow dysplasia with two aetiopathogeneses suggested for the development of the disease. Osteochondrosis was initially thought to cause elbow dysplasia, but more recent evidence has strongly supported various forms of joint incongruity as the most likely cause in most cases. Radioulnar length discrepancies and humeroulnar curvature mismatch have been implicated as the cause of medial coronoid disease and ununited anconeal process, but radial incisure incongruity and biceps/brachialis muscle forces could possibly play a role in some dogs. Preventive diagnosis and surgical therapy can improve elbow dysplasia management by intercepting early signs, restoring elbow congruency and avoiding degenerative joint disease.
elbow dysplasia, canine, incongruency, diagnosis, coronoid medial disease, osteochondrosis