Associazione Italiana Veterinari Piccoli Animali
Affiliata WSAVA


Analgesia nel cane e nel gatto in particolari condizioni parafisiologiche
Parte 1: gravidanza


Della Rocca G., Bufalari A.
Dipartimento di Patologia, Diagnostica e Clinica Veterinaria - Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria
Università degli Studi di Perugia 


Very little information on the approach to analgesia in pregnant, nursing, neonatal/pediatric, old or critically ill animals is available in the veterinary literature. Management of pain is extremely important in all animals, where unmanaged pain leads to hemodynamic, endocrine and metabolic responses that may be deleterious to the organism. Moreover, in the very young, a permanent hyperalgesic response to pain may exist with inadequate therapy, in pregnant bitches or queens inappropriate analgesic selection may result in congenital abnormalities of the fetus or neonate, and in nursing bitches or queens inadequate analgesia may cause aggressive behavior toward the young. In this and the following papers, the unique physiological characteristics of those groups of patients that must be considered when selecting analgesics is discussed, and a review of the human and veterinary literature on the various analgesics available for use in this situations is presented. Various analgesics and analgesic modalities are discussed, with emphasis placed on preference and caution for each group.


pregnant dogs and cats, physiological modifications, analgesic drugs