Associazione Italiana Veterinari Piccoli Animali
Affiliata WSAVA


Le patologie dell'occhio e degli annessi nel pastore tedesco
Studio retrospettivo


Bacchini M., Simonazzi B.
Sezione di Clinica Chirurgica Veterinaria e Medicina D’Urgenza, Dipartimento di Salute Animale, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Parma. 


In this study we considered 72 German Shepherd dogs referred to a specialistic visit for an ocular problem. We examined 40 males and 32 females, the average age was 6,5 years with a range of 3 months to 13 years. Patology was bilateral in 51 cases. Overall, the following ocular pathologies were diagnosed: CSK (33 cases), follicular conjunctivitis (7 cases), plasmoma (7 cases), cataract (6 cases), chalazion (4 cases), corneal dystrophy (4 cases), glaucoma (4 cases), corneal ulcer (3 cases), uveitis (3 cases), iris cyst (3 cases), eyelid laceration (2 cases), Horner’s syndrome (2 cases), syndrome of the pocket of the medial canthus (one case), nose-lacrimal duct obstruction (one case), noselacrimal system cyst (one case), corneal dermoid (one case), adherent leukoma (one case), corneal chemical burn (one case), corneal penetrating injury (one case), bleeding sclera (one case), epibulbar melanocytoma (one case), nodular episcleritis (one case), hyphema (one case), senile iris atrophy (one case), bulbar phthisis (one case), retrobulbar tumor (one case). Hereditary ocular pathologies have turned out to be 44,6% of all pathologies diagnosed in this breed.


dog, eye, German Shepherd, keratitis, plasmoma